) 'fiery', used especially in the metaphorical sense to mean 'eager', 'fervent'. This element is present in the names of Barahir
('fiery lord') and his nephew Baragund
('fiery prince'). It may appear in Baran
, though the derivations of these names are less sure.
) 'strong', seen most prominently in the names of Beleg
(whose name simply means 'Strong') and his great bow Belthronding
(which translates literally as 'strong-stiff-twang', but is usually rendered more euphoniously as 'Strongbow
'). This element is related to the more common beleg
'great, large, mighty', and also bal
, 'power, might'.
) 'divine', seen in the name Belthil
('divine radiance') given to the silver tree that stood in Turgon's
courts in Gondolin
. This element derives from the Sindarin
name for the Valar
, and can also be seen in Orbelain
, the 'day of the Powers
' called Valanya
. In its connection to power, it is etymologically related to sense 1 of bel
, described above.
) in Beleriand
, is a form of uncertain derivation, but later interpretations relate it to Balar
(ultimately a name for the Maia Ossë
, from which the Bay
and Isle of Balar
also apparently derive their names). In fact, historically the name Beleriand
evolved from Arthurian Broceliande
, so the derivation via Balar
is a later re-interpretation by Tolkien, rather than the original source of the name.
(Old English) originally 'bear
', but the word developed over time so that it could be also be taken to mean 'warrior'. Beorn
, the famous Skin-changer
of the Vales of Anduin
, took his name from this source, and the same element appears in the name of his son Grimbeorn
' or 'grim warrior').
root) 'valiant', 'daring', the origin of the name Beren
(meaning 'bold'). This root is also probably present in names like Beregar
('valiant stone' or - perhaps more likely - 'valiant Gondorian
') or Bergil
('valiant star'), though some or all of these may derive from the presumably related berék
, meaning 'wild' or 'fierce'.
) derives from a root bor-
meaning 'endure', and can have various connotations, as in 'enduring', 'faithful', 'steadfast' or 'persistent', 'constant'. Seen most prominently in Boromir
('faithful jewel'), but also in names such as Boron
(simply 'faithful') or Borondir
('steadfast man'). Also seen in the star name Borgil
, meaning 'constant star' or 'ever-star'. Bór
the faithful Easterling
derived his Elvish
name from this root. In Quenya bor-
, hence names such as Voronwë
, 'steadfast one'.
(English) though used in modern English to mean a town or district, the word historically meant 'fortified township'. A common element of real English place-names, it appears in this particular form only in Tuckborough
town', in the Shire
. The word derives from Old English burg
('fortress' or 'citadel') and in that form it is seen among many Mannish
place-names in Middle-earth
, especially among the Rohirrim
(such as Aldburg
, 'old fortified town', or Hornburg
, 'fortress of the horn').