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Lexicon of Names

Common name elements in Tolkien's works

This lexicon lists some of the more common elements found in the names of places and people in Tolkien's work. These are mainly derived from Elvish tongues, but some common forms from other languages, such as Old English or Adûnaic, are also included, as well as a few less recognisable words that are still found in modern English. There are very large number of these name elements, and this page is being expanded to include more over time.

Where possible, the particular Elvish source language for an element is shown, but sometimes this is not possible (for example, where a common root word occurs in more than one language). In cases like this, terms are simply labelled 'Elvish root'.

yule (English) a time of festival falling near the end of the year, from Old English géol, probably meaning 'rebirth' (that is, it marked the ending of one year and the beginning of the next). In the Shire Calendar the two days that marked the turning of the year were known as the Yuledays, or together simply as Yule. The six-day period around Yule was known as Yuletide ('Yule time'), and the months before and after Yule were named Foreyule and Afteryule respectively. In Bree, and parts of the Eastfarthing, Foreyule was instead known as Yulemath, 'Yule month'.

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