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Vega

Alpha Lyrae, 3 Lyrae

Proper NameVega
Bayer DesignationAlpha Lyrae
Flamsteed Number3 Lyrae
HR (BSC)7001
HD172167
ConstellationLyra
Right Ascension18h 37m 27s
Declination+38° 47' 59"
Distance25 light years
8 parsecs
MagnitudeApparent: 0.0
Absolute: +0.6
Spectral ClassA0 White Main Sequence Star
Optimum VisibilityJuly
NotesThe fifth brightest star in the sky, due largely to its proximity to the Solar System, Vega's brightness shifts rapidly over a matter of hours. It is thought to be a Delta Scuti variable, a type in which the luminosity changes as the star pulsates in complex patterns.
Location of Vega

The fifth brightest star in the sky, Vega is easy to find in northern summer skies. It is accompanied by four stars in a parallelogram shape that make up the body of the Lyre, the distinctive constellation of Lyra.

Vega has only about three times the diameter of the Sun, though it is somewhat hotter and more luminous. It lies very close by in galactic terms, at about 25 light years, and so is a brilliant object in the night sky.

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