In ancient times, the great central forest of Middle-earth had been known as Eryn Galen, Greenwood the Great, but during the Third Age a shadow and a blight grew under its trees. This darkness grew out of Dol Guldur, the seat of the Necromancer in the south of the forest, and caused its name to be changed to the more familiar 'Mirkwood'.
This shadow lasted for nearly two thousand years, gradually spreading through the trees to encompass almost the entire great wood. During the War of the Ring, the emissaries of Sauron were finally driven out from Dol Guldur, and the old Greenwood was finally cleansed of their influence.
At this time Celeborn of Lórien met with Thranduil of the Woodland Realm, and they chose a new name for the Forest. This was Eryn Lasgalen, recalling the old name of Eryn Galen, and translated from the Elvish as the 'Wood of Greenleaves'.
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