The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Dates
First fortified by the Númenóreans in II 2280
Location
The coasts of Middle-earth, to the south of Gondor
Race
Culture
Variously held by the Númenóreans, the Black Númenóreans, the Gondorians, the Corsairs and the Haradrim
Pronunciation
oo'mbarr
Meaning
Not known1

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About this entry:

  • Updated 15 April 2014
  • Updates planned: 1

Umbar

The great haven far to the south of Gondor

Encyclopedia of Arda Timeline
Years of the Trees First Age Second Age Third Age Fourth Age and Beyond
Map of Umbar

A cape in the far south of Middle-earth, long held by Black Númenóreans, but conquered by Gondor for a time during the Third Age.


Notes

1

The name appears to contain the word mbar, 'home' or 'dwelling-place', an element seen fairly frequently in names like 'Brithombar' or 'Eämbar'. The 'u-' prefix is hard to decipher, but it would normally form a negative, so perhaps 'Umbar' simply means 'not home' or 'away from home' (to the Númenóreans or Gondorians, that is). However, there is no definite support for this theory in Tolkien's works.

Umbar is also known to be the Elvish word for 'fate'. This seems an odd source for a placename, and is probably mere coincidence, but it may possibly refer to the fateful landing of Ar-Pharazôn here in the year II 3261, which ultimately led to the Downfall of Númenor.

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