There is some question over the precise distance to this star from the Solar System. Most sources suggest a value approaching 140 light years, but the most recent data release from the Gaia survey suggests a rather smaller parallax value than most other analyses, and this in turn implies a rather greater distance. This new parallax data suggests a considerably greater distance of 226 light years or more which, if correct, would place the two stars named Tania rather closer together in space than previously thought.
Tania Borealis is a hot whitesubgiant, approaching twice the temperature of the Sun as it burns the last of its hydrogen fuel and begins to evolve towards a true giant state. It is presently some three times the diameter of the Sun, and approximately sixty times as luminous.
The name Tania comes from Arabic thānia, meaning 'second', a name with its origins in Arabic star-lore. The close pair Tania Borealis and Tania Australis are one of three such pairs running northwestwards through Ursa Major, and these three pairs of stars were seen as the marks of gazelle springing through the sky. The two stars named Tania marked the middle of this springing progress, hence 'second' (its full original name being Al Fiḳrah al Thānia, 'the second spring'). The gazelle's first spring was represented by the stars Alula Borealis and Alula Australis to the southeast, and the third spring by stars with the traditional names Talitha Borealis and Talitha Australis to the northwest (this final pair are now officially known as Talitha and Alkaphrah).