The name used by the Dwarves for their own kind in their own private language, Khuzdul. It derived from the word khuzd, meaning 'a Dwarf', transformed into a plural form. The name 'Khazâd' was not widely used by races other than the Dwarves themselves; to the Elves they were most commonly known as the Naugrim, while Men had their own name for this people, rendered using the English word 'Dwarves'.
Though the Dwarves considered their native Khuzdul tongue a secret matter, not to be shared with outsiders, the name Khazâd at least was not a secret. Indeed it was proudly used in the name of the greatest of their mansions: Khazad-dûm in the Misty Mountains, later known as Moria. The name also became well known through the battle-cry of the Dwarves, Baruk Khazâd! Khazâd aimênu!, meaning 'Axes of the Dwarves! The Dwarves are upon you!'1
From The Lord of the Rings Appendix F I, The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age.
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