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The point at which the Earth's poles are at their most extreme inclination relative to the Sun. This occurs twice a year: in the northern hemisphere, the Summer Solstice gives us the longest day of the year, while the Winter Solstice gives us the shortest; in the southern hemisphere, this arrangement is reversed.

Summer Solstice Sunrise

Sunrise on the Summer Solstice of 2049 BCE, as seen from the eastern coast of England: an unusual event in which Venus and the Sun rose almost simultaneously. The wooden Bronze Age monument known as 'Sea Henge', which was aligned with the solstices, was completed just prior to this event, and is possibly connected with it.


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