Formed from Elvish words meaning literally 'outer fence', and ephel was a fenced fortification. The most famous ephel was that of the Haladin of Brethil, which was properly known as Ephel Brandir, but often simply referred to as 'the Ephel'. This enclosure on the hill of Amon Obel surrounded a small town of the Men of Brethil, and was the seat of their lords.
The name 'Ephel' is also used figuratively in Ephel Dúath, a name for the Mountains of Shadow that formed the outer western fence of the land of Mordor.
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