The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Origins
The native tongues of the Orcs
Race
Pronunciation
o'rkish
Other names
Sometimes spelt Orcish1

Indexes:

About this entry:

  • Updated 21 March 2011
  • This entry is complete

Orkish

The languages of the Orcs

A general term for the jumble of languages used by the Orcs, composed from corrupted borrowings from other languages of Middle-earth. The variations in Orkish between different tribes and types of Orc were so great that it was often useless for communication, and so a standard language was necessary. Sauron devised his Black Speech for this purpose in Mordor, but in practice the Common Tongue was more normally used.


Notes

1

In some older editions of The Lord of the Rings, the spelling Orcish appears in Appendix E. This is an error; Tolkien recommended the form Orkish, and later editions have corrected the Appendix to use this preferred spelling.

Indexes:

About this entry:

  • Updated 21 March 2011
  • This entry is complete

For acknowledgements and references, see the Disclaimer & Bibliography page.

Website services kindly sponsored by Axiom Software Ltd.

Original content © copyright Mark Fisher 2002, 2011. All rights reserved. For conditions of reuse, see the Site FAQ.

The Encyclopedia of Arda
The Encyclopedia of Arda
Menu
Homepage Search Latest Entries and Updates Random Entry