The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Dates
Evolved during the Second Age; widely spoken during the Third Age
Location
Throughout the Westlands of Middle-earth
Origins
A development of the Adûnaic tongue of Númenor
Meaning
'Common' is used here in the sense of 'shared'; the Common Tongue allowed communication between all races and peoples
Other names
Common Language, Common Speech, Westron

Indexes:

About this entry:

  • Updated 17 January 2017
  • Updates planned: 1

Common Tongue

The Common Speech of the Westlands

Encyclopedia of Arda Timeline
Years of the Trees First Age Second Age Third Age Fourth Age and Beyond
Elvish
influences
Taliska
Adûnaic
Archaic
Westron
Common
Tongue

Language of
the Rohirrim

The many roots of the Common Tongue.Taliska was the native language of the Edain, derived ultimately from Elvish, but distinct from the Elvish languages in use in Beleriand during the First Age. The later Adûnaic and Westron tongues were also influenced by various Elvish sources.

The Common Language used throughout the northern and western lands of Middle-earth. It developed from the Númenórean tongue, Adûnaic, but with many additions and changes from other languages, to become almost universally spoken.


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