The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
The landmass lying to the east of the Great Sea
Literally 'middle land', but usually translated 'Middle-earth'
Other names


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  • Updated 20 September 2014
  • This entry is complete


‘Middle Land’; a Quenya name for Middle-earth

Map of Endóre
The northwestern regions of Endóre (Middle-earth) at the time of the War of the Ring

A term from the Quenya tongue, meaning 'Middle Land', the equivalent in that language of 'Middle-earth'. In fact Quenya was not widely spoken in Middle-earth itself (most Quenya speakers dwelt in the West), and Endóre would have been seen as an archaic or poetic form among those living east of the Great Sea. The more common Elvish forms of the name in the Hither Lands would be Sindarin Endor or Ennor, etymologically related words that carried the same meaning.

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