Earthworks and burial chambers made by Men in ancient days. In the Third Age, they lay within the bounds of Arnor, and later of Cardolan, and the Dúnedain used them to bury their dead. The Witch-king of Angmar, though, sent evil spirits to inhabit the Barrow-downs, and they became a place of horror.
The last Prince of Cardolan fell in battle in III 1409, and we know for sure that he was laid in a barrow (his was the one in which Frodo and his companions would later be imprisoned). This is the last definite date we have for a barrow, though it is conceivable that others may have been built after this time. At the very least there would have been no further barrows after III 1636, when evil spirits from Angmar were sent to infest the Barrow-downs.
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