The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien


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  • Updated 1 July 2009
  • Updates planned: 2


The White

The original Elvish form of Saruman's title; in full he was known to the Elves as Curunír ’Lân, translated as 'Saruman the White'. The word itself derived from glân, meaning 'white'. In the Wizard's title, the initial 'g' of the word is 'lenited', or softened, to the point where it is not in fact pronounced, and the apostrophe preceding the title is used to indicate this missing, silent letter.

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