An ancient site at the feet of the White Mountains in Gondor, though it seems to have predated the foundation of that land. Erech was most famous for a huge Stone, said to have fallen from heaven (though in fact brought to Middle-earth by Isildur).
The meaning of the name Erech dated back to the time before the foundation of Gondor, and had long been forgotten by the end of the Third Age. Tolkien does note in his letters that he may have been influenced by the Elvish element er-, 'one, lone' in choosing the name, but the full meaning is lost to history. (See The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien No 297, dated 1967.)
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