The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Dates
Came into existence with the foundation of Rohan in III 2510
Location
Associated with the land of Rohan (formally spelt Rochan in this context)
Origins
The realm of Rohan was founded by Eorl the Young, and the Elvish name Rochirrim for its people was devised by Hallas of Gondor
Race
Division
Culture
More usually known as the Rohirrim, the Men of Rohan
Family
Ruled by the House of Eorl
Settlements
The chief city of this people was Edoras; other notable settlements and fortifications included the former capital Aldburg, Dunharrow, Grimslade, the Hornburg, Underharrow and Upbourn
Pronunciation
rochi'rrim (where 'ch' is pronounced as in German Bach)
Meaning
'Host of the Horse-lords'
Other names

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About this entry:

  • Updated 10 April 2024
  • This entry is complete

Rochirrim

An early name for the people of Rohan

Gondor was saved from invasion in III 2510 by the intervention of their ancient allies, the Men of the Éothéod. At that time dwelling in the far North, their leader Eorl had nonetheless ridden the long miles southward, and defeated invading Balchoth at the Battle of the Field of Celebrant. In gratitude, Steward Cirion granted Eorl and his people a new land, a wide green province of Gondor named Calenardhon.

Eorl's people knew themselves in their own tongue as the Éothéod, the 'horse-people', but after they settled in Calenardhon, they gained a new Elvish name, originally devised by Hallas, the son of Steward Cirion. This new name was based on the word éoherë, a word from the tongue of the Men of the Éothéod for their entire mounted force, and meaning 'horse-host'. Hallas rendered this into Elvish as Rochirrim, from Elvish root words for 'horse', 'lord' and 'people'. In full the Elvish name therefore meant 'people of the horse-lords'. Similarly, Hallas gave a name to the land newly settled by these Rochirrim, which he called Rochand or 'horse-land'.

Hallas' new names were quickly adopted in Minas Tirith, where many of the populace understood Elvish, and even came to be used among the newly settled Northmen, whose own language was suited to their sounds. Many of the people of wider Gondor, however, only spoke the Common Tongue, and for them the -ch- sound in the new name was difficult to pronounce. Thus over time the name Rochirrim evolved in common use to become Rohirrim, the name that would be borne by these people to the end of the Third Age and beyond.


See also...

Rochír-rim

Indexes:

About this entry:

  • Updated 10 April 2024
  • This entry is complete

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