The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien


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Welcome to The Encyclopedia of Arda

The Encyclopedia of Arda is a personal project - a tribute to and a celebration of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. The site is evolving into an illustrated hypertext encyclopedia of Tolkien's realms and peoples. It already contains about four thousand entries, and we're constantly adding new entries and expanding existing ones.

Inside the encyclopedia

The Encyclopedia of Arda contains thousands of articles covering topics from J.R.R. Tolkien's world, some brief, some lengthy and some containing detailed essays and discussions.

You'll also find a selection of interactive tools, including a chronicle to help you explore Tolkien's fictional history, and calendar to translate dates and events, a lexicon of names, a glossary of old and rare words, and much more.

Context and approach

The content of the Encyclopedia is written in the same context as Tolkien himself used; he presented himself simply as a translator, rather than originator of the tales. Hence, we try to describe his world from a 'historical' rather than a literary perspective, though sometimes it's useful to explore ideas in their wider context. Where relevant, therefore, you'll also find a few references to Tolkien's life or opinions, or to real historical or mythological parallels to events in his universe.

About the name Arda

Arda was the name given by the Elves to their world and all it contained, and so 'Encyclopedia of Arda' seemed a peculiarly apt title for this project.

Special thanks

Thanks to all those who've e-mailed us over the years with their suggestions, corrections, ideas and just general support.

But the real Special Thanks, though, belong to the memory of J.R.R. Tolkien for his extraordinary and unparalleled creation.

For acknowledgements and references, see the Disclaimer & Bibliography page.

Original content © copyright Mark Fisher 1997-2024. All rights reserved. For conditions of reuse, see the Site FAQ.

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Featured Entry


Fallen son of King Folcwine

Folcred and Fastred were twin sons of Folcwine of Rohan, born in III 2858 while their grandfather Folca reigned as King of Rohan. Folca's rule was a brief one, as he was slain while hunting just six years after the twins' birth. Their father Folcwine then became King, and Folcred was his apparent heir.

Rohan and Gondor were staunch allies, and the Gondorians had granted great aid to the Rohirrim during the time of the Long Winter, when Dunlendings had invaded the Mark. So Folcwine was quick to respond when Steward Túrin II sought aid against the Haradrim assaulting his realm. Indeed, Folcwine was eager to lead his own army into the field, but he was dissuaded from such a rash course of action. Instead, he sent Folcred and his brother Fastred to lead the Rohirrim to the aid of Gondor.

The Encyclopedia of Arda
The Encyclopedia of Arda