The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Location
Running southward out of the White Mountains and through the Gondorian region of Lamedon
Race
Division
Culture
Family
Ran through lands ruled by the Lords of Lamedon
Settlements
Calembel lay close to the point where the main road through southern Gondor crossed the river1
Source
On the southern side of the White Mountains above Lamedon
Tributaries
None
Outflow
Into Ringló some miles southward of Calembel
Pronunciation
kee'reel
Meaning
Uncertain2
Other names
Sometimes spelt Kiril3

Indexes:

About this entry:

  • Updated 7 August 2020
  • This entry is complete

River Ciril

A minor river of western Lamedon

Map of the river Ciril

Rivers of Gondor

A short tributary to the River Ringló. The Ciril rose in the White Mountains of western Lamedon, about twenty miles east of Tarlang's Neck. It flowed directly southwards, through its fords at Calembel, to meet the Ringló.

'Ciril' is the later spelling of this river's name, used throughout the text of The Lord of the Rings. In many older editions, however, the large-scale contour map given at the beginning of Book V shows the older form of the name, 'Kiril', which reflects its correct pronunciation.


Notes

1

The highly detailed map of Gondor included in The Lord of the Rings seems to show Calembel on a hill some miles from the fords of Ciril (as shown on the map for this entry) rather than directly on the river. However, Tolkien noted several times (most prominently in the unpublished index to The Lord of the Rings) that Calembel was located actually on the fords.

We might reconcile these sources by imagining that Calembel was rather larger than the single point marked on the map, with a major town on the hill, and outlying parts of the township running down from the hill to reach the rivers' fords.

2

Tolkien addresses the meaning of the name Ciril, but is himself uncertain about the name's origins. He suggests a connection to cir-, 'cut', specifically in reference to the river running through a deep rocky channel on its upper course through the White Mountains. This presumably refers to the short northern stretch where the course of the river ran eastward through the foothills of the mountains before turning southward and flowing on across Lamedon. (Somewhat confusingly, Tolkien says in his comments that this channel ran westward, not eastward as shown on the maps - presumably he meant that it ran west to east, or something of the sort.)

3

Specifically, the older spelling Kiril appears on the highly detailed map of Gondor and Mordor in older editions of The Lord of the Rings. This spelling belongs to an earlier phase of composition, and when Tolkien came to prefer the spelling Ciril in the text, that change did not find its way onto the map. The pronunciation is identical regardless of spelling, and later editions of the book have updated the map to use the standard spelling in the text of the book: Ciril.

Indexes:

About this entry:

  • Updated 7 August 2020
  • This entry is complete

For acknowledgements and references, see the Disclaimer & Bibliography page.

Original content © copyright Mark Fisher 2001, 2020. All rights reserved. For conditions of reuse, see the Site FAQ.

Website services kindly sponsored by Discus from Axiom Software Ltd.
The profiles produced by the DISC profiling system have a very wide range of uses.
The Encyclopedia of Arda
The Encyclopedia of Arda
Menu
Homepage Search Latest Entries and Updates Random Entry