The great inland sea that lay in the region of Nurn in the south of Mordor, around which the slave-farms of Sauron were built.
It seems unavoidable that the names Núrnen and Nurn are etymologically related. Perhaps the most obvious possibility is that the name Nurn 'Sad' was first given to the slave-lands of Mordor, and the Sea took its name from that (so that the Núrnen suggests 'Water of Nurn' rather than literally 'Sad water'). However, Tolkien himself translated the name literally, so perhaps the Sea was named first, and the surrounding land then took a part of its name.
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