The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien
Devised in Valinor during the Years of the Trees
Invented by Fëanor, based on the work of Rúmil
'Parma series' (where parma, literally 'book', represents its initial sound 'p')


About this entry:

  • Updated 31 May 2011
  • Updates planned: 1


Characters relating to the sound of p

The témar of the Tengwar

One of the various témar, or sound series, represented by the Tengwar characters. The letter-forms of this téma described the sound p and its derivatives (a series of sounds properly called labials, and including the sounds p, b, f, v and so on). Typically, the Tengwar characters used for this series were those with a closed lúva (or 'bow') curving right and downwards from the telco (or straight 'stem' of the letter). The name parmatéma literally means 'book-series', but the word 'book' is chosen here merely because it begins with a p in Elvish, reflecting the sounds described by this téma.

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