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Used by the Dwarves from the time of their awakening during the Elder Days
Devised by the Vala Aulë, maker of the Fathers of the Dwarves
Probably khoo'zdool1
'Dwarvish', or '(language) of the Dwarves'
Other names


About this entry:

  • Updated 14 April 1998
  • This entry is complete


The secret tongue of the Dwarves

The Dwarves' name for their own secret language, of which only a few words were ever discovered by outsiders. With the exception of a few fragments and place-names, Tolkien gives us little insight into the Dwarvish tongue (as the Dwarves kept their tongue secret, it is natural that little of it should have survived in records). Our main sources are in words such as Khazad-dûm (Khazâd being Dwarvish for 'Dwarves') and Khuzdul itself, and in the Dwarvish war-cry, 'Baruk Khazâd! Khazâd ai-mênu!' ('Axes of the Dwarves! The Dwarves are upon you!').2

During the Third Age, the Dwarves seem to have considered Khuzdul in much the same way as the Elves of Middle-earth looked on Quenya, as an ancient and noble tongue of the past. The Dwarves would more commonly speak, even among themselves, in the native tongues of the regions in which they lived, to the extent that they took their names from these languages.

The Dwarves also had secret 'inner' names, presumably derived from the Khuzdul tongue, but they were extremely secretive about these, to the extent that they were not even given on their owners' tombs.



Tolkien gives us little information about the pronunciation of Dwarvish names. The pronunciation guide shown here is therefore conjectural, though based on his assertion that sounds in languages other than Elvish are generally transliterated to follow the same rules as Elvish words. An exception is the sound kh, which is explained as being equivalent to the sound in the middle of the word 'backhand'.


From The Lord of the Rings Appendix F I, The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age, of other races: Dwarves.


About this entry:

  • Updated 14 April 1998
  • This entry is complete

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