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A long range running north to south, between Eriador and the Vales of Anduin
Said to have been raised in ancient days by Melkor as a defence against the Valar
Various, but notably the Dwarves of Khazad-dûm and the Orcs of Goblin-town
From north to south: Carn Dûm in Angmar, Goblin-town, the Eyrie, Khazad-dûm
Many rivers had their sources in the Hithaeglir, but most notably Glanduin, the Hoarwell and the Loudwater to the west, the Gladden River and the Silverlode to the east, and the river Isen from the Mountains' southern reaches
Important peaks
Cirith Forn en Andrath (the High Pass), the Pass of Caradhras; lesser unnamed passes included one above the sources of the Gladden River, and another above the sources of the river Hoarwell; the mountains could also be passed by traversing the Gap of Rohan at their southern end
hith/eye/'gleer (where /eye/ represents the sound of the English word 'eye')
Essentially 'Misty Mountains', derived from Elvish hith, 'mist', and oeglir, 'a mountain range'1
Other names


About this entry:

  • Updated 8 October 2018
  • This entry is complete


The misty peaks of central Middle-earth

Map of Hithaeglir, the Misty Mountains
The Misty Mountains

The Elvish name for the long, narrow range of peaks more commonly called the Misty Mountains. The name Hithaeglir is usually translated 'Towers of Mist', though it actually contains the old Elvish word oeglir, meaning a range of sharply pointed peaks. The mountains of the Hithaeglir did indeed rise to notably sharp peaks, and had been even more forbidding in ancient days. According to legend they had been raised in an arc across Middle-earth by Melkor to hinder the Vala Oromë in his ridings into the eastern lands.

In that purpose Melkor failed: despite the Mountains, Oromë was able to travel into the far East of Middle-earth and discover the newly awakened Elves. A great part of these Elves he persuaded to accompany him back to the Blessed Realm in the West, but on coming to the high, sharp peaks of the Hithaeglir, the hearts of many of the Elves were filled with terror. These people fell away from the Great Journey, settling in the Vales of Anduin as the Nandor, from whom the Silvan Elves of Lórien and Mirkwood would spring.

After this division of the Elves, the histories of the First Age were recorded by those who had passed the Hithaeglir and travelled on to Beleriand and across the Great Sea. From their perspective, the great mountain range became part of their distant history, and is rarely mention in their accounts of those times. Even these people, though, were aware of a great city that arose among the Hithaeglir, a city of the Dwarves that the Elves called Hadhodrond (a name derived from its Dwarvish name of Khazad-dûm).

In texts from later ages the old Elvish name Hithaeglir is seen far less often, and this range is almost universally referred to as simply the 'Misty Mountains'. We do, however, have some evidence of the mountains being named Hithaeglir from time to time throughout the Second and Third Ages. In the Second Age, in a letter sent to King Tar-Meneldur of Númenor, Gil-galad referred to the Hithaeglir, describing them as his people's major defence against the forces that were stirring farther east. Millennia later, the name was used by Steward Cirion of Gondor in his Oath that granted the land of Calenardhon to Eorl and his people, and thus created Rohan. Both these examples come from highly formal uses of the Elvish language, though as the normal Elvish form of the name 'Misty Mountains', the term Hithaeglir also seems likely to have remained in common use among the speakers of that language.



The more usual Elvish word for a mountain range is ered (which is simply the plural of orod, 'mountain'). The word oeglir is more specific, coming from Elvish root words for a sharp point and row or line (hence literally an oeglir was a line of sharp points). The term was never common, but it was used in Tolkien's older writings for various ranges, especially the Iron Mountains (which were at times known as the Aiglir Angrin or Eiglir Engrin). These names were dropped in favour of Ered Engrin, leaving Hithaeglir as the only survival of oeglir to be found in Tolkien's canonical works.


About this entry:

  • Updated 8 October 2018
  • This entry is complete

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