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Founded long before the first rising of the Moon; sacked midwinter I 5061
The central regions of Beleriand
Established by Elwë Singollo (later known as Thingol) and Melian the Maia
The land's main stronghold was at Menegroth
do'riath ('th' as in English 'path')
'Land of the fence' (referring to the Girdle of Melian)
Other names


About this entry:

  • Updated 4 March 2009
  • Updates planned: 1
Map of Doriath

The mighty forest kingdom of Elu Thingol, greatest of the realms of the Sindar in Beleriand. The kingdom lay in two parts, separated by the river Esgalduin: the lesser, northwestern Forest of Neldoreth, and the greater, southern Forest of Region. These forests were encompassed by the Girdle of Melian, which protected the land from its enemies. Also within the Girdle were two smaller forests: the oakwood of Nivrim on the western banks of Sirion, and the narrow woodland of Arthórien beyond Aros to the east.

In the midst of Doriath, carved into the rock beside the river Esgalduin, lay the halls of Menegroth, the Thousand Caves, citadel of King Thingol and Melian his queen.

Though Thingol ruled Doriath for long ages, he was slain in the last years of the First Age by Dwarves. After this his realm was ruled for a short time by his grandson Dior Eluchíl, before its final destruction by the Sons of Fëanor.



Dating the sack of Doriath is difficult, because this particular date saw a great deal of revision, and it is hard to identify Tolkien's final decision with certainty. The source of these dates is a document entitled the Tale of Years in volume XI of The History of Middle-earth (not to be confused with the Tale of Years in the Appendices to Lord of the Rings, this draft work chronicles events from the later First Age).

In that source, the sack of Doriath (which is usually referred to in this source as the 'Second Kinslaying') is first given as I 506. This is then revised to the spring of I 509 and then again to I 511 (quickly reverting to I 509). The next phase amends the dating again, placing the fall of Doriath at midwinter as I 506 turned to I 507. This final text is the latest available date, and so we use it here, though the degree of revision and reconsideration in these texts means that it the date should probably be taken as provisional.

See also...

Adanedhel, Aelin-uial, Ainur, Algund, Alphabet of Daeron, Amon Ethir, Amon Rûdh, Anach, Andróg, Angerthas Daeron, Anglachel, Aranel, Arthórien, Arvernien, Beeches, [See the full list...]


About this entry:

  • Updated 4 March 2009
  • Updates planned: 1

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