A contemptuous term for the lesser Orcs of Mordor and Isengard, used especially among the larger and stronger Uruk-hai. It comes from a word in the Black Speech meaning 'slave'.
We have no definite information about the origins of these lesser breeds of Orcs. In the absence of any mention of Sauron as their originator, and given their wide distribution in Middle-earth, it seems most plausible that they represented ancient lineages of Orcs, dating back perhaps to the First Age.
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