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The Chronicle of Arda

Welcome to The Chronicle of Arda. This section of the site provides automated annals for all four Ages of the Sun and Moon. For any period of Arda's history, the Chronicle will display the events that happened in that time. Events and characters are entered into the Chronicle as they are added to the main database: like the rest of The Encyclopedia of Arda this section of the site is expanding all the time.

For years after III 1601 (the year of the foundation of Shire, and therefore Shire Year 1), the Chronicle will also show years by the Shire-reckoning in a second column.

You can have the Chronicle look up events for specific dates by entering one or two years in the form below. If you enter two dates, the Chronicle will display events that happened between those two years. If you leave one of the dates blank, the Chronicle will display events in the century around the single year you specify.

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Encyclopedia of Arda Timeline
Years of the TreesFirst AgeSecond AgeThird AgeFourth Age and Beyond

III 2984 to IV 61
(a period of 98 years)

 • 7,014 years after the Return of the Noldor
 • 3,106 years after the Downfall of Númenor
 • Contemporary with the War of the Ring

The Lifetime of Rose Cotton

The Third Age

29841384Birth of Rose Cotton, who later married Samwise Gamgee
Death of Hobson, also known as Roper Gamgee, the first Hobbit to bear the name 'Gamgee'.
Death of Steward Ecthelion II. He is succeeded by his son, who rules as Denethor II.
29851385Birth of Melilot Brandybuck, Estella Bolger and Pervinca Took in the Shire.
29861386Death of Jago Boffin, grandfather of Folco Boffin.
29881388Birth of Tosto Boffin in the Shire.
Death of Finduilas, spouse of Denethor II and mother to Boromir and Faramir, at the age of just 38.
29891389Birth of Doderic Brandybuck.
Balin begins his ill-fated attempt to recolonise Moria.
Adoption of Frodo Baggins as Bilbo's heir. Frodo removes from Buckland to Bag End.
29901390Birth of Peregrin Took.
29911391Birth of Moto, son of Milo Burrows and Peony Baggins.
Birth of Éomer, later King of Rohan.
29941394Balin's attempt to recolonise Moria ends in disaster. Balin himself, and the Dwarves of his company, are all slain.
29951395Birth of Éowyn in Rohan.
Birth of Diamond of Long Cleeve.
29971397Death of Adalbert Bolger.
29981398Death of Amaranth Brandybuck.
29991399Death of Gruffo Boffin.
Likely birthdate of Lothíriel, later queen to King Éomer Éadig.
c.30001400Saruman uses the Orthanc-stone for the first time. He comes under the power of Sauron, and abandons his allegiance to the White Council.
30011401Beginning to suspect that Bilbo's Magic Ring may be Sauron's One Ring, Gandalf and Aragorn begin to search for Gollum.
Bilbo Baggins' Birthday Party and farewell feast.
30021402Éomund, father of Éomer and Éowyn, is slain by Orcs.
After wandering in Middle-earth, Bilbo comes to Rivendell and settles there as Elrond's guest.
c.30021402Théodwyn, mother of Éomer and Éowyn, dies of a sickness.
30031403Bilbo Baggins begins work on his Translations from the Elvish.
30071407Death of Saradas Brandybuck.
Death of King Bain of Dale. He is succeeded by his son Brand.
Death of Gilraen the mother of Aragorn.
30081408Death of Rorimac Brandybuck. He is succeeded as Master of Buckland by his son, Saradoc.
30101410Likely date of the death of Dinodas Brandybuck.
Likely date of the death of Adrahil. He is succeeded as Prince of Dol Amroth by his son Imrahil.
30121412Following the death of his father Otho, Lotho Sackville-Baggins inherits Leaf plantations in the Southfarthing of the Shire.
Elfhelm is appointed a Marshal of the Mark in command of the garrison at Edoras.
30131413A Free Fair is held on the White Downs, at which Will Whitfoot is elected (or re-elected) to the post of Mayor.
30141414Théoden begins to fall ill, and his counsellor Gríma begins to gain power over the King.
30151415Death of Thain Ferumbras III of the Shire, the last of his line. He is succeeded by Paladin Took II.
30171417Gandalf travels to Minas Tirith, and there discovers the Scroll of Isildur.
Gollum is released after several years captive in Mordor.
Gollum is located and captured by Aragorn on the borders of Mordor.
Aragorn completes his northward journey to the Woodland Realm with the captured Gollum.
30181418Gandalf returns to the Shire to warn Frodo about the Ring.
In Bag End, Gandalf tells Frodo the history of the Ring.
Sauron's forces simultaneously attack eastern Gondor and the Wood-elves of Thranduil. The War of the Ring begins.
Gandalf encounters Radagast near Bree, and is given Saruman's message.
Saruman traps Gandalf and imprisons him on the pinnacle of Orthanc.
On their journey north to the Shire, the Black Riders cross the Fords of Isen.
Gwaihir rescues Gandalf from Orthanc.
Gandalf seeks aid from Théoden, but is turned away from Edoras.
Gandalf returns to Edoras, and is again dismissed by Théoden, though he is granted a horse.
Gandalf comes upon Shadowfax for the first time, and follows the great horse across the fields of Rohan.
In Rohan, Gandalf overtakes Shadowfax. Meanwhile, far to the north, Black Riders reach the borders of the Shire.
Gandalf sets out from Rohan.
The Black Riders enter the Shire.
Frodo, Sam and Pippin set out from Bag End.
Riding north to the Shire, Gandalf crosses the River Isen.
Frodo encounters Tom Bombadil and Goldberry.
Gandalf, riding wildly northward from Rohan, crosses the River Greyflood.
Riding on Frodo's trail, Gandalf crosses the Brandywine into the Shire's Southfarthing.
Frodo and his companions are captured by a Barrow-wight, and rescued by Tom Bombadil.
Gandalf speaks with Hamfast Gamgee in Hobbiton, and discovers that Frodo has already left the Shire.
Frodo and his companions arrive at the Prancing Pony in Bree, and meet Strider.
Gandalf arrives at Crickhollow in Buckland. Finding Frodo gone, he sets out for Bree, which he reaches at night.
Black Riders raid Buckland and Bree in the early morning.
The Hobbits awake in Bree to find their ponies stolen. Bill Ferny sells them his pony, later called Bill himself. Aragorn leads them out of Bree and into the Wild.
Gandalf sets out from Bree and travels toward Rivendell.
Gandalf reaches Weathertop, and is attacked there by Nazgûl.
The Nazgûl attack the Hobbits in a dell beneath Weathertop. Frodo is wounded by a Morgul-knife.
Learning that the Nazgûl have come to the Northlands, Elrond sends out riders including Glorfindel.
Glorfindel discovers three Nazgûl holding the Bridge of Mitheithel. He drives them off into the west.
Strider and the Hobbits cross the Bridge of Mitheithel on their journey to Rivendell.
Gandalf reaches Rivendell.
Aragorn and the Hobbits encounter Glorfindel at dusk.
The Black Riders are swept away at the Ford of Bruinen. Frodo reaches Rivendell safely.
Frodo recovers and wakes in Rivendell, at ten o'clock in the morning.
The Council of Elrond is held.
The setting-out of the Fellowship from Rivendell.
30191419The Company of the Ring enter the land of Hollin.
The Fellowship attempt the Redhorn Pass, but are troubled by snowfall.
The Fellowship abandons their attempt to cross the Misty Mountains through the Redhorn Pass.
The Fellowship of the Ring reach the West-gate of Moria and pass inside. Gollum, who was within the western doors, begins to follow them.
The Company of the Ring camp in the corner of a great empty hall of Moria.
The remaining members of the Fellowship flee Moria and reach the borders of Lórien.
Gandalf and the Balrog fall from the Bridge of Khazad-dûm.
The Fellowship arrives at Caras Galadhon, and meets with Galadriel and Celeborn.
Gandalf and the Balrog reach the peak of Zirakzigil.
Gandalf casts Durin's Bane from Zirakzigil.
Gandalf returns to life on the peak of Zirakzigil.
In Lórien, Frodo and Sam experience visions in the Mirror of Galadriel.
The Company of the Ring depart from Lórien. Gollum begins to follow them once again.
Gandalf is carried from Zirakzigil to Lórien by the Eagle Gwaihir.
The Fellowship is attacked on the Great River above Sarn Gebir. Legolas downs a Nazgûl with his bow.
The Company of the Ring pass through the Gates of Argonath, and camp at Parth Galen.
Death of Théodred at the First Battle of the Fords of Isen.
Boromir is slain by Orcs; the Fellowship of the Ring is broken.
The Three Hunters reach the East Wall of Rohan in their pursuit of the captors of Merry and Pippin.
Éomer and his éored catch up to Saruman's Orcs at the edge of Fangorn Forest.
Faramir sees his slain brother Boromir in a boat on the Anduin.
Frodo and Sam encounter Gollum at the feet of the Emyn Muil, and capture him.
Uglúk's Orc-band is destroyed by the Rohirrim. Merry and Pippin escape into Fangorn Forest.
Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli encounter Éomer and his éored in Rohan.
In Fangorn Forest, the Entmoot begins.
Faramir sets out for Ithilien from Minas Tirith.
Gollum begins to lead Frodo and Sam across the Dead Marshes.
Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli encounter Gandalf the White in Fangorn Forest, and together they set out for Edoras.
The Entmoot ends with the Ents resolved to confront Saruman. They set out for Isengard, reaching it at nightfall.
Frodo, Sam and Gollum complete the passage of the Dead Marshes.
Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli arrive at Edoras, and Gandalf cures Théoden of Saruman's influence.
The Rohirrim are defeated at the Second Battle of the Fords of Isen.
The Battle of the Hornburg begins.
Destruction of Isengard by the Ents.
Frodo, Sam and Gollum reach the edge of the Desolation of the Morannon.
The Battle of the Hornburg is won, and the siege of Helm's Deep relieved. Théoden, Gandalf and their companions set out for Isengard.
Frodo, Sam and Gollum reach the Morannon.
Gandalf and his companions reach Isengard, and are reunited with Merry and Pippin. Gandalf expels Saruman from the Order of Wizards.
Halbarad and the Sons of Elrond meet Aragorn and join with him.
Aragorn and his companions arrive at Dunharrow.
Frodo encounters Faramir in North Ithilien, and is taken to Henneth Annûn.
Riding eastward towards Minas Tirith, Gandalf and Pippin see the Beacons of Gondor lit.
Frodo, Sam and Gollum set out from Henneth Annûn.
Aragorn and his company pass through the Paths of the Dead, and gather at Erech in the Morthond Vale.
Aragorn and his company, followed by the Dead, reach Calembel on the River Ciril.
Shadowfax brings Gandalf and Pippin to Minas Tirith.
During the night, the Storm of Mordor spreads darkness across the lands to the west.
Faramir returns to Minas Tirith, and is rescued from the Winged Nazgûl by Gandalf.
Frodo and his companions watch the armies of Minas Morgul set out.
Aragorn leads the host of the Dead across the River Ringló.
The army of Rohan sets out from Dunharrow.
The Dawnless Day.
An army out of the Morannon captures Cair Andros and invades Anórien.
Gollum visits Shelob in secret while Frodo and Sam sleep.
Sauron launches an attack against Rohan from the north, and another against Lórien from Dol Guldur.
Aragorn and his company reach Linhir, and cross the River Serni into Lebennin.
The Ents defend Rohan against the invaders from the north.
Gollum leads Frodo and Sam into Shelob's Lair.
Poisoned by Shelob, Frodo is captured by Orcs and imprisoned in the Tower of Cirith Ungol.
Aragorn captures the fleet of the Corsairs at Pelargir, and releases the army of the Dead who aided him.
The Orcs in the Tower of Cirith Ungol fight over Frodo's mithril-coat, and ultimately slay each other. Sam discovers Frodo in the Tower.
The forces of Sauron attack both Lórien and the Woodland Realm, and are repulsed.
Frodo and Sam escape from the Tower of Cirith Ungol and journey out of the Ephel Dúath.
Death of King Théoden in the Battle of the Pelennor. He is succeeded by his nephew Éomer.
The pyre of Denethor.
The Battle of the Pelennor Fields and destruction of the Lord of the Nazgûl.
In Minas Tirith, having won the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, the Captains of the West debate their best course.
Shagrat reaches Barad-dûr with the tokens taken from Frodo in the Tower of Cirith Ungol.
The Battle of Dale begins.
Frodo and Sam, taken for Orcs, are forced to march along the road towards the Isenmouthe.
Aragorn leads the armies of the west from Minas Tirith on the road to Mordor.
Frodo and Sam escape from the Orcs, and start out on the journey across Gorgoroth to Mount Doom.
The end of the Battle of Dale. Erebor is besieged.
Forces from Dol Guldur attack Lórien for the third time.
Frodo and Sam reach the base of Mount Doom.
Aragorn and his followers reach the Desolation of the Morannon, and set up camp.
The Captains of the West are assaulted by Sauron's forces before the Black Gate of Mordor.
Destruction of the One Ring and final downfall of Sauron and his Nazgûl.
The siege of Erebor is broken, and the invading forces are driven out of Dale by Bard II and Thorin III.
Celeborn brings his forces across Anduin into southern Mirkwood, where they begin the destruction of Dol Guldur.
Celeborn and Thranduil meet and rename Mirkwood as Eryn Lasgalen.
Aragorn leads his people in praise of Frodo and Sam at the Field of Cormallen in Ithilien.
Coronation of Aragorn II Elessar.
Éomer and Éowyn set out from Minas Tirith for Rohan.
On their journey south to Minas Tirith, Elrond and Arwen arrive in the land of Lórien.
Elrond and the escort of Arwen set out from Lórien and begin their journey south to Minas Tirith.
The Sons of Elrond meet their father and their sister Arwen, and bring them with their escort to Edoras.
Arwen and her escort set out from Edoras on the road to Minas Tirith.
Aragorn discovers a sapling of the White Tree in a hallow on Mindolluin.
Arwen and her escort arrive in Minas Tirith.
The marriage of Aragorn and Arwen takes place in Minas Tirith.
Éomer returns to Minas Tirith to escort Théoden's remains to Edoras.
The funeral escort of Théoden sets out from Minas Tirith.
The funeral escort of Théoden arrives at Edoras.
The funeral of Théoden.
Treebeard allows Saruman and Gríma to leave the Tower of Orthanc.
Aragorn and his company arrive at Helm's Deep, accompanying the Travellers northward.
Returning into the north, the Travellers reach Isengard, where they bid farewell to Aragorn.
On their journey north, the Travellers encounter Saruman. Saruman starts towards the Shire.
Gandalf and the Hobbits, travelling homeward from Minas Tirith, reach Rivendell.
Saruman enters the Shire.
Gandalf, along with Frodo and the other Hobbits, sets out from Rivendell on the road back to the Shire.
Leaving Rivendell on the journey home, Frodo and his companions cross the Ford of Bruinen. Frodo feels pain from his old wound, received exactly a year earlier.
Returning to the Shire, Frodo and his companions reach Bree.
Gandalf and the Hobbits leave Bree. Gandalf turns aside to visit Tom Bombadil, and Frodo and his companions reach the Brandywine Bridge as night falls.
Frodo and his companions travel from the Brandywine Bridge to Frogmorton, where they are arrested as evening falls.
The returning Travellers rouse the Hobbits against Sharkey's Men, and Merry blows the Horn of the Mark. Thereafter the Horn was blown on the anniversary of this event every year in Buckland, and the day was celebrated with feasts and bonfires.
The Battle of Bywater is fought in the Shire.
Saruman dies at the hands of his servant Gríma. The end of the War of the Ring.
30201420Spring Lobelia Sackville-Baggins dies at Hardbottle in the Northfarthing.
The first flowering of the Golden Tree in the Party Field below Bag End.
Wedding of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton in the Shire.
Frodo Baggins gives up the post of Mayor of the Shire, and Will Whitfoot is restored.
30211421The last day of the Third Age, according to the reckoning of Gondor.
The beginning of the Fourth Age, according to the calendars of Gondor.
Sam's daughter Elanor is born.
Frodo and Sam set out from Hobbiton for the Grey Havens.
Frodo and Sam meet the Last Riding of the Keepers.
Departure of the Ring-bearers.
Sam returns to Bag End on his faithful pony, Bill.

The Fourth Age

21423Birth of Frodo son of Samwise, later surnamed Gardner.
41425Birth of Rose, daughter of Sam Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
61427By royal edict, Men are formally banned from entering the boundaries of the Shire.
Peregrin Took weds Diamond of Long Cleeve.
Birth of Merry, fourth child of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
Will Whitfoot resigns as Mayor of Michel Delving, and Sam Gamgee is elected in his place.
71428Death of Hamfast 'Gaffer' Gamgee.
81429Birth of Pippin, fifth child of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
91430Birth of Faramir Took, son of Peregrin and Diamond of Long Cleeve.
101431Birth of Goldilocks, sixth child of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
111432Birth of Hamfast, seventh child of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
Death of Saradoc Brandybuck. He is succeeded as Master of Buckland by his son, Meriadoc of the Company of the Ring.
121433Birth of Daisy, eighth child of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
131434The Thain of the Shire, Master of Buckland and Mayor of Michel Delving (at that time Peregrin Took, Meriadoc Brandybuck and Samwise Gamgee) are made Counsellors of the North-kingdom.
Samwise Gamgee is elected Mayor of the Shire for the second time.
Death of Paladin Took II. Peregrin Took becomes Thain of the Shire.
141435Death of Olo Proudfoot.
Birth of Primrose, daughter of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
151436Aragorn travels to the North-kingdom, and dwells for a time at Annúminas. He grants the Star of the Dúnedain to Samwise Gamgee, and Sam's daughter Elanor becomes one of Queen Arwen's maids.
Death of Glóin son of Gróin, the father of Gimli Elf-friend.
Birth of Bilbo, son of Sam Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
171438Birth of Ruby, youngest daughter of Sam Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
191440Birth of Samwise Gamgee's second-youngest son, Robin.
Death of Tolman Cotton the elder.
201441Samwise Gamgee is elected Mayor of the Shire for the third time.
211442Samwise, Rose and Elanor travel south, and stay for a year in Gondor with Aragorn and Arwen. During this year, Tolman Cotton serves in Sam's place as Mayor of the Shire.
Birth of Tolman, youngest child of Samwise Gamgee and Rose Cotton.
271448Samwise Gamgee is elected Mayor of the Shire for the fourth time.
301451The wedding of Sam Gamgee's daughter Elanor to Fastred of Greenholm on the Far Downs.
311452The Westmarch is officially incorporated into the Shire.
331454Birth of Elfstan, son of Fastred of Greenholm and Sam's daughter Elanor.
Likely date of the death of Imrahil of Dol Amroth.
341455Samwise Gamgee is elected Mayor of the Shire for the fifth time.
411462Fastred of Greenholm is made Warden of Westmarch by Thain Peregrin, and removes with his family to Undertowers in the Tower Hills.
Samwise Gamgee is elected Mayor of the Shire for the sixth time.
Holfast, son of Frodo Gardner, born in the Shire.
421463Wedding of Faramir, the son of Peregrin Took, to Goldilocks, daughter of Samwise Gamgee.
481469Samwise Gamgee is elected Mayor of the Shire for the seventh and final time.
551476At the Free Fair on the White Downs, Samwise Gamgee resigns as Mayor of the Shire.
611482Death of Rose, the wife of Samwise Gamgee.
Sam Gamgee departs from the Shire. He is said to have passed over the Sea into the West.

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