The Encyclopedia of Arda - an interactive guide to the world of J.R.R. Tolkien


About this entry:

  • Updated 17 January 2016
  • Updates planned: 1


The ‘Light-series’

The témar of the Tengwar

A series of characters of the Tengwar representing variations on the sound 'k'. The series was named for the character calma, literally meaning 'light', but selected here for its initial 'k' sound. In normal use, these were the letters formed with a telco (stem) to the right, and a lúva (bow) curving up and to the left. Depending on the system in use, these 'bows' might be open or closed. The basic sounds making up this series were known as calma ('k'), anga ('g'), harma ('kh'), and anca ('gh').

calma anga harma anca

See also...

Lúva, Quessetéma

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